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New Constitution.

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Please vote aye, or nay on the ratification of this constitution.

The Constitution of The Equilism Commonwealth of Nations

The members of The Equilism Commonwealth of Nations hereby establish this Constitution for our governance. We hold it as our first principle to preserve the freedom and autonomy of our members, recognizing the right of all nations to self-determination. Sovereignty is our most basic tenet.

We establish this Constitution to serve the people and nations of Equilism. It is forever the intent of this document and all documents issued from its authority that the government exists to serve the people's interest above and before its own in all instances. We further establish that nothing in this Constitution is to be taken to prohibit legislative action outside the parameters of the Constitution. It exists to guide and enable our governance, not to suppress innovation in legislative expression.

Article I. Citizenship

Section1.

Citizenship in Equilism shall be afforded to all Equilism residents who publicly assent to our values, laws and regulations. All citizenship is voluntary, and may be renounced by the citizen at any time.

Section 2.

World Assembly (WA) members of Equilism are those whose WA nation remains in the service of Equilism, whether at home or abroad.

Section 3.

Multiple-Citizenship is recognized by The Equilism Commonwealth of Nations, and shall be afforded to those nations that have met the requirements establshed by law.

Article II. The Founder

Section 1.

The Equilism Commonwealth of Nations recognizes the unique position of The Founder, having de facto authority over the region. All NationStates game created authorities of The Foundership are hereby adopted as a point of fact. The Founder is the ultimate defender of the region, ensuring the security of our region and establishing our ideals. A presumed and accepted binding trust relationship exists between the Founder and the Commonwealth Community. The Founder accepts responsibility for maintaining this trust relationship in all Founder actions.

Section 2.

The Founder controls all in game administration of the region including the WFE, banning or ejecting nations from the region, and whether administrative controls are turned off, or on for the WA delegate.

Section 3.

The Founder is an inherited position with no term limits. The Founder will select at least one co-founder to ensure continuity of the foundership in the event of a personal emergency, vacation, or sudden disappearance.

Section 4.

The Founder may veto any law or treaty the legislature passes. The Founder's approval is not necessary for a law to go into effect.

Section 5.

The Founder may serve in any capacity within the region without restraint.

Section 6.

The Founder may choose to represent the region to interregional events and organizations.

Section 7.

The Founder is expected to provide an explanation of all Founder actions that are taken.

Section 8.

The Founder is the Commander in Chief of the Military, and has full control of the running of it.

Article III. The Senate

Section 1.

All legislative, and judicial Powers shall be vested in the Equilism Senate.

Section 2.

Equilism recognizes that it is only through the active contributions of our citizens that our region grows and thrives. Therefore any active service to the region shall be recognized by the grant of voting franchise. Active service shall include, but not be limited to: Participation in any Ministry; Recruitment Activities; Active military participation; Ambassadorships; Role Play leadership, Active Moderators, Active Fun and Games leadership, Active Debator, Active Mentor, Active World Assembly participant.

Any Officer, The Chief Minister, and The Founder may recognize and ensure the granting of voting franchise to any Equilism citizen

Section 3.

All Senators must swear to uphold the Constitution of the Equilism Commonwealth and to defend the region.

Section 4.

Membership in the Senate may be revoked due to extended inactivity.

Section 5.

The Senate shall conduct all trials, and hearings. The Senate will also be responsible for determining sentencing.

The Right of Appeal: Any Equilism citizen may appeal any decision or conflict to The Founder. The decision of The Founder will be final.

Section 6.

Votes in the Senate last for seven days.

Votes on laws, treaties and trials require a simple majority vote to pass. Declarations of war require a 75% majority vote to pass or amend, and a simple majority to repeal. Amendments to the Constitution require a 75% majority vote to pass.

Contested elections are decided by a plurality vote. In case of a tie between a current official and another candidate, the current official retains the position. If there is no current official involved in the tie, the remaining Officers are responsible for breaking the tie. If a vote by the remaining Officers also results in a tie, the Chief Minister is responsible for breaking that tie.

Uncontested elections for Officer must be confirmed by a simple majority vote.

Section 7.

The Equilism Senate and/or The Founder may grant membership into the Senate in special cases, such as those who are 'semi-retired' yet active that made great contributions to the region.

Article IV. The Chief Minister

Section 1.

The Chief Minister shall be the Head of Government, with oversight over the Senate. The Chief Minister is tasked with setting government priorities and policies.

Section 2.

The Chief Minister has the option of becoming the WA delegate of the region, or appointing another with the advice, and consent of the Equilism senate.

Section 3.

The Chief Minister is responsible for assigning, or re-assigning Officers in the region.

Section 4.

If the Chief Minister resigns, elections for a new Chief Minister will begin immediately. The Chief Minister will retain his position until elections are complete. If the Chief Minister becomes inactive, the Founder will announce an election for a new Chief Minister, and will fill the position until the conclusion of the election.

Article V. Officers

Section 1.

Officers of the region are responsible for carrying out the governmental functions of the region.

Section 2.

Up to 3 Officer positions may exist at any one time. Vacant positions will be filled before current Officers are replaced.

Article VI. The Challenge System

Section 1.

Any Senator who wishes to become an Officer or the Chief Minister may challenge for the position. A challenge for the Chief Minister requires the support of two other Senators. A challenge for Officer requires the support of one Senator. This requirement is waived for officials seeking reelection.

Section 2.

Elections begin once a challenge is submitted. If the elections are for the position of Chief Minister, any Senator admitted after this time will not be allowed to vote until elections are completed.

Section 3.

Any Senator who also wishes to submit a challenge may do so during the first week of elections in the case of a challenge for the Chief Minister, or during the first three days of elections in the case of a challenge for Officer. No further challenges will be accepted during the elections after this period.

Section 4.

After the campaigning period is completed, the Senate will vote to elect the Chief Minister or Officer as set out in Article III, except that in the case of Officer elections, where the vote shall last four days. Candidates may campaign during voting.

Section 5.

Newly-elected officials may not be challenged for one month after the close of elections.

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Aye

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The Theodemocratic States of Zeorus votes to ratify this constitutional draft.

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I feel obliged to point out that this thread is a bit over a year old, and so the Constitution has been in force for quite some time.

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While retrospective approval of laws is appreciated, they are unnecessary. Thread locked.

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